Improved Pearl Millet Cultivars for Niger

Cultivar Name Year of release Attributes Recommended Agronomic Practices Rainfall (mm) Potential Grain Yields (t/ha) Releasing National Institution
ICRI-Tabi

Pending

Medium-early flowering; non-synchronous tillering; tolerant to intermittent drought stress; very compact cylindrical panicles (resistant to millet head miner); moderately resistant to Striga; moderately high grain Fe and Zn concentration; moderately susceptible to downy mildew Basal dose of 6 g/pocket NPK (accompanied by 200 to 300 g organic compost) at the time of sowing, thinned to 1-3 plants per hill, in two stages: 2 & 3 weeks after emergence: followed by urea side-dressing (3 g/pocket) once or twice, after thinning; as rainfall permits 300-600

2.0

INRAN (ICRISAT origin)

Mil de Siaka

Pending

Medium-late flowering (so escapes millet head miner); high grain yield; panicles medium-long and very compact; tolerant to Striga but supports a lot of Striga seed production As above 500-800

2.4

INRAN (ICRISAT origin)

ICMV-IS 99001

1999

Reselected higher-yielding version of HKP; medium-maturity (95 days to maturity); long and semi-compact panicles (susceptible to head miner); tolerant to Striga and downy mildew; susceptible to smut and ergot; this genotype is preferred by food processing industry in Niger; not tolerant to low soil fertility conditions As above 400-700

1.5

INRAN (ICRISAT origin)

ICMV-IS 89305

1998

Tolerant to low-P conditions; medium maturity (95 to 100 days to maturity); long and semi-compact panicles (susceptible to head miner); tolerant to Striga and downy mildew; susceptible to smut and ergot; grain quality similar to HKP As above 400-700

2.0

INRAN (ICRISAT origin)

ICMV-IS 94206

1998

Medium-late flowering (95 days to maturity); long and semi-compact panicles (susceptible to head miner); tolerant to Striga and downy mildew; susceptible to smut and ergot; ; grain like HKP; not tolerant to low soil fertility conditions As above 400-700

2.0

INRAN (ICRISAT origin)

ICMV-IS 92222

1996

Medium maturity (95 days to maturity); long and semi-compact panicles (susceptible to head miner); tolerant to Striga and downy mildew; susceptible to smut and ergot; grain like HKP; not tolerant to low soil fertility conditions As above 400-700

2.0

INRAN (ICRISAT origin)

Zatib

1996

Medium maturity (90 to 100  days for maturity); large grain size; non-preferred by food processing industry in Niger; tolerant to smut and head miner; susceptible to Striga and drought stress As above 350-800

2.0 to 2.5

INRAN

SOSAT-C88

1988

Medium-early flowering (85 to 90 days to maturity); moderate tillering; short, semi-compact & cylindrical panicles (highly susceptible to millet head miner); susceptible to stem borers; highly susceptible to Striga; moderately resistant to downy mildew; not tolerant to low soil fertility conditions As above 300-600

1.5 to 2.0

INRAN (ICRISAT/IER origin)

GB 8735

1987

Very early flowering; non-synchronous tillering; tolerant to intermittent and terminal drought stress; likely sensitive to seedling heat stress (but no data); semi-compact, short, tapering panicles (highly susceptible to millet head miner); susceptible to stem borers; moderately susceptible to downy mildew; high grain Fe and Zn concentration As above 400-700

1.0 to 1.5

INRAN (ICRISAT/Tchad origin)

HKP (Haïni Kiré Précoce)

1978

Medium-early flowering (75 to 90 days to maturity); long and semi-compact panicles (susceptible to head miner); tolerant to Striga and downy mildew; susceptible to smut and ergot; this genotype is preferred by food processing industry in Niger As above 350-800

1.5 to 2.5

INRAN